Create U-Boot handle sdram timings dtsi from rkbin on RK3399¶
These steps are derived from the instructions supported by Liviu Dudau <firstname.lastname@example.org> and posted here for public usage as per communication.
- Example sdram rkbin:
The binary contains multiple frequency settings, so you will have to choose the one you are interested in
Convert the RAM frequency into Hz and use the hexadecimal value to search in the bin file. Here 933MHz is 933000000, or 0x379c7340. Depending on what you use to view the binary, you might have to convert to the little endian format (that’s the case for hexdump, so search for 40 73 9c 37). To validate that you’re not looking at some random data, you can check that you only get 2 matches in the bin file (one for single rank and one for dual rank). I haven’t checked for all combinations, but I think there are only 2 versions. Also look for the data around the match, some of the values form a fixed pattern (you can diff the attached files to find out which ones don’t change, but 0x80181219 for example is a good value to look for).
Figure out where the start of the data is. The pattern is 02 0a 03 02, so from your frequency match walk backwards and choose the second instance (pattern repeats once)
Figure out where the end of the data is. Usually, for the first block that matches, it will end before the single/dual rank block starts, as they are consecutive. For the v1.15 binary, it looks like it is 6044 bytes. The end pattern is 0x01010000 0x00000000. There might be another 32bit zero value between the blocks.
Extract the DDR timings. For this file, I’ve used the following commands:
$ dd if=rk3399_ddr_933MHz_v1.15.bin of=ddr_single_933mhz.bin bs=1 skip=51800 count=6044
$ dd if=rk3399_ddr_933MHz_v1.15.bin of=ddr_dual_933mhz.bin bs=1 skip=57848 count=6044
Converted the binaries to text with:
$ hexdump -v –format ‘1/4 “%08x “’ ddr_single_933mhz.bin > rk3399-sdram-ddr3-single-1866.dtsi
$ hexdump -v –format ‘1/4 “%08x “’ ddr_dual_933mhz.bin > rk3399-sdram-ddr3-dual-1866.dtsi
Insert the start of the DT fragment into each .dtsi file, edit the initial values (don’t forget that they are in little endian form) to match what the SPL code expects, convert the frequency value from the binary back into MHz (line 38 in the attached dtsi files for reference)